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Demographic Overview

Demographic Make-up

One year after Retrocession in 1945, a national census was conducted (1946). The population of Taipei at that time was 271,754. In 1968, the six districts of Neihu, Nangang, Muzha, Jingmei, Shilin and Beitou were integrated into Taipei City; the population at the end of that year totaled 1,604,543. By the end of 2012, the population reached 2,673,226 (1,285,361 males; 1,387,865 females). Compared with 2011, the total population increased by 22,258 (males up by 9,018; females up by 13,240).

 
Figure 1. National Growth Rate of Population in The Last Decade
Figure 1. National Growth Rate of Population in The Last Decade.

1. Population Distribution

Taipei's population is distributed among the 12 districts. Due to varying topography, economic development and time of development, the population is unevenly distributed. Daan and Shilin Districts are the most populated.

(1) Population density

By the end of 2012, the population density was 9,835 people per square kilometer. By district, Da-an was the most densely populated, with 27,587 people per square kilometer, whereas Beitou was the most sparsely populated with 4,474 people per square kilometer.

(2) Births and deaths

The crude birth rate in 2012 was 11.08%, a 1.54% increase over 2011. The crude death rate was 6.23%, 0.16% up from the previous year. Social environmental and economic factors affected people's willingness to give birth, causing the birthrate to fall. However, thanks to the “Have a Care-Free Pregnancy” policy of the Taipei City Government implemented in 2011, the birthrate began to rise. The city has continued to see a rise in the elderly population as a proportion of the overall population in the last decade. To prevent rapid population decline and excessive population aging from affecting economic development in the future, achieving reasonable population growth is a current socio-demographic concern.

2. Population Composition

Population composition allows population phenomena to be understood and the origins and nature of social issues to be analyzed. Observing the relationship of the population of a place to the social economy is an important indicator of economic change and is a crucial reference for the government when formulating current and future social welfare policies.

(1) Age distribution

Generally speaking, the more people who are able to work, the lower the dependency ratio; the more the labor force is engaged in productive activities, the more beneficial it is towards economic development. At the end of 2012, the young population (between the ages of 0-14) of Taipei was 383,134; the working age population (between the ages of 15-64) was 1,941,436, while the elderly population (above the age of 65) was 348,656. The dependency ratio was 37.69%, down by 0.32% from 2011.

Table 1 Taipei City Age Distribution of the past DecadeNew Immigrant Life Growth Camp-foreign student class
Table 1 Taipei City Age Distribution of the past DecadeNew Immigrant Life Growth Camp-foreign student class

(2) Marital status

In 2012, the number of couples who registered for marriage was 18,821; the crude marriage rate was 7.07%; the number of couples filing for divorce was 5,818; the crude divorce rate was 2.19%. Compared with the previous year, the crude marriage rate was down by 1.04?, while the crude divorce rate was down by 0.03%.

(3) Distribution of aborigines

Taiwan's aboriginal tribes consist of the Amis, Atayal, Paiwan, Bunun, Rukai, Puyuma, Tsou, Saishiat, Yami, Thao, Kavalan, Taroko, Sakizaya and Seediq tribes. By the end of 2012, the aboriginal population of Taipei City was 14,817. More people were Amis than any other tribe, while the Thao and the Sakizaya had the fewest number of residents. Most of the aborigines live in Neihu, Wenshan, and Nangang Districts.

(4) New immigrant and foreigner population

Along with Taiwan's increasingly frequent political, economic, societal and cultural exchange activities with other nations, Taiwanese citizens' worldview has been expanded, and an increase in marriages to foreign and Mainland Chinese people has followed. By the end of 2012, Taipei had a population of 44,622 new immigrants, the majority being Mainland Chinese spouses at 32,417, with other foreign spouses totaling 12,205 in number; the majority of new immigrants were residents in Wanhua (5,726), Wenshan (4,610), and Daan (4,420) Districts. In order to assist new immigrants to adapt smoothly to local society and to help local residents welcome other cultures, the Taipei City Government has held various courses for new immigrants, including the New Immigrant Life Growth Camp, new immigrant native tongue courses (Vietnamese, Indonesian, and Thai), computer courses and performance workshops.

Globalization and the rise of the information society have enabled the rapid transmission of all kinds of information: convenient transportation has shortened distances between people and is gradually breaking down boundaries in the world. Due to its high level of economic development and a complete transportation network, Taipei often hosts large international conferences, events and exhibitions and there is also an increasing number of foreigners attending schools, taking part in international inspection tours, business activities and residing in Taipei. The UN established International Migrants Day on December 18, 2000; in 2011, the Ministry of Interior designated this day as Migrants Festival. To celebrate the second Migrants Festival, in conjunction with the National Immigration Agency, the Taipei City Government held the 2012 Immigrants Festival and International Migrants Day activity series, including a multi-cultural fair and performances on December 2, 2010 in 228 Peace Memorial Park. The carnival-like atmosphere facilitated interaction and deepened understanding among new immigrants and their families. There was also a stationary exhibition and the showing of the winner of the mini-series category at the Golden Bell Awards, Debbie’s Happy Life, and documentaries at Wanhua New Immigrants’ Hall from December 4-18. The rich content allowed people to acquire an understanding of the different cultures of the new immigrants.

In-Depth Report

Population-Related Terms

  • Crude marriage rate: Number of married couples as a percentage of the overall population in a certain period.
  • Crude divorce rate: Number of divorced couples as a percentage of the overall population in a certain period.
  • Crude birth rate: Number of live births per 1000 people.
  • Crude death rate: Deaths in a year as a percentage of the total population, the number of deaths per 1000 people.
  • Dependency ratio: A simple measurement of the burden on the working population of dependents.
    • International Migrants Day—commendation of Loving FamilyHappy Family Tasty Food Competition-Popularity Prize
      International Migrants Day—commendation of Loving FamilyHappy Family Tasty Food Competition-Popularity Prize

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  • Updated: 2014-3-13 14:12
  • Reviewed: 2014-3-13 14:12

  • Source: Department of Information Technology, Taipei City Government